Microalgae: Current Research and Applications
This volume is an authoritative and contemporary review of research on microalgae and is indispensable for anyone working in this field, or who wishes to learn more about these important microorganisms. Microalgae, also known as phytoplankton, are abundant microorganisms, which are found in freshwater and marine environments. Phytoplankton are important in global biogeochemistry since they produce the bulk of oxygen on Earth through photosynthesis. They form the base of the marine food web and are primary producers of organic carbon. Microalgal species can synthesize high value chemical products, such as carotenoids, antioxidants, fatty acids, and sterols. Most recently, microalgae have become an attractive raw material of biofuel, in the form of biodiesel.
In this concise book, expert authors describe the latest research and newest approaches to the study of these important organisms, as well as covering the more traditional methods such as morphotaxonomy. The reader is first provided with practical information on cultivation of phytoplankton, growth media and division rates for different algal species, optical techniques and automated instrumentation, such as flow cytometry. Furthermore, methods and approaches to study gene expression and regulation in phytoplankton are reviewed. A separate chapter is dedicated to the discussion of algal blooms and their effects on local environments. Coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi and bioluminescent phytoplankton are thoroughly reviewed by experts in those fields. Finally, this book reviews the state-of-the-art of microfluidic and in situ sensors for phytoplankton identification.
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